Crops are an efficient method of storing chest-loads of food at a time. Growing your own food is important in survival Minecraft as you will constantly be needing food to keep yourself healthy and continue sprinting. Crops are efficient as you do not need to worry about eventually running out of food as long as you maintain your crops properly. Since you can exponentially grow your stock of food, as well as harvest stacks of crops at a time, farming wheat, potatoes, carrots, and beetroots can keep you well-stocked throughout the entire game. This guide will show you the materials necessary to farm in Minecraft and how to farm for yourself.
There are many different crops available in Minecraft. You can grow wheat, potatoes, carrots, beetroots, melons, and pumpkins. Each of these crops has their own benefits and detriments, it is up to you to decide which you would like to invest in. The hoe is necessary to prepare the land for planting. Dirt and grass blocks are the only tillable blocks to plant seeds in. Water will ensure that your crops are growing efficiently, but not required to get crops to grow.
There are all kinds of crops you can obtain in Minecraft. The seeds you obtain from tall grass can grow wheat, carrots and potatoes will grow themselves if you plant them, and melon and pumpkin seeds can be obtained from chest loot or from a village. Regardless of what you pick, you will need a hoe to begin. Head to a crafting table and make a hoe with 2 sticks and 2 of the material you want the hoe to be.
Next, you will need a bucket to transport water closer to where you want your crops to be. This is not essential, but it does help with building a nicer-looking farm. Place 3 iron ingots in a “V” shape to make a bucket.
Obtain the crops of your choice to grow. In my case, I spawned near a village that won’t miss a handful of crops. If you were not as fortunate, you can always hit tall grass to obtain seeds and grow wheat.
Now that you have your hoe ready, a bucket of water, and some seeds obtained, all that is left is to decide where you want your crops to be. Water within 4 blocks of farmland (even diagonally) will become hydrated and efficiently grow your crops. It can take a moment for the water to hydrate nearby farmland, and farmland that is more than 4 blocks away will eventually decay.
To till the ground and make farmland, right-click on dirt or grass blocks with a hoe selected. A single source block of water can hydrate a 9x9 square of farmland. You can be as efficient or inefficient as you want with your design. All that is left is to plant your crops and let them grow.
In the case of pumpkins and melons, the resulting growth of the plant will cause pumpkins or melons to sprout adjacent to the plant itself. The block adjacent to the plant does not need to be farmland, and you can force the melon or pumpkin to grow in a certain spot by placing a block where you do not want the melon or pumpkin to grow. The resulting pumpkin or melon will never destroy or override another adjacent crop.
As a quick side note, the block adjacent to the melon or pumpkin stem needs to be dirt, grass, coarse dirt, or farmland in order to successfully grow a melon or pumpkin.
When your crops are fully mature, you can hit them with your hands to get your respective crops. You will always get more than what you planted so you can always restart your crop growth afterward. Pictured below from left to right are the mature stage of potatoes, carrots, beetroots, and wheat.
Remember that you can use bone meal to advance your crops to maturity faster. That is all you need to farm in Minecraft.
If you want to grow your crops faster, unfortunately, there is no quick easy method other than using bone meal on all of your crops individually. You can harvest all of your crops if they are fully matured by having water pour out onto them. This will cause your crops to drop their fully matured item. Keep in mind that doing so will prevent wheat from dropping seeds, and prevent you from benefiting from extra drops from potatoes and carrots using a fortune enchanted tool.
You do not have to have water placed nearby in order to successfully grow crops. It does make the crops grow faster and prevents the farmland from deteriorating on its own if there is nothing planted there. So while it is not required to have hydrated farmland, it is in your best interest to ensure that water is nearby your farm.
Potatoes are one of the most convenient food items to farm in Minecraft. This is compounded by the fact that you can use a fortune enchanted tool to obtain more potatoes than you could with wheat for example. Since you can bake potatoes in a furnace, and carrots require gold nuggets to get the best type of food, potatoes are one of the most beneficial crops to grow for yourself.
Congratulations, you now know how to build a crop farm for yourself in Minecraft. In survival Minecraft, it is important to have a consistent source of food, as you will find yourself constantly losing hunger points doing anything in the game. It is also important to keep yourself healthy as you will eventually lose your health to starvation without food. Having a farm built can ensure that you have nothing to worry about with food in mind.